Vacuum Oil Purifiers
Our Vacuum Oil Purifiers (also known as Oil Dehydrators, Oil Reclaimers, and Oil Distillation Systems), are made to combine simple operation with high performance, creating more value for your investment.
The main purpose of a Vacuum Oil Purifier is to remove contamination from refined petroleum oils and other liquid hydrocarbons. These petroleum products are used in many different industrial, marine, and aerospace processes (including hydraulic systems using fluid power, lube oil systems and bearings, and gears and storage facilities, like tank farms).
In petroleum oils like these, you will most often find contaminants like water, gas, lighter hydrocarbons, particulate matter, or even process seal leaks from steam turbine seals or compressor seals.
Contamination may also be introduced into certain systems through contact with the environment, the atmosphere, and transfer of product from other contaminated sources like tanks, reservoirs, pipelines, and barrels.
Our Vacuum Oil Purifiers and Filtration Systems were developed specifically to solve this wide array of contamination issues seen so frequently within refined hydrocarbon and petroleum products.
The reason Vacuum Oil Purifiers are so effective in removing most forms of contamination is because they use both a vacuum and a specific temperature setting to expel contaminants in the form of a gas, while the desired petroleum product remains as it is in its original liquid form.
A typical vacuum is set at -25" Hg or higher, with the temperature raised to 150 degrees Fahrenheit. At this setting, most contamination will be evaporated off into the atmosphere and can later be condensed back into a liquid or gas.
Water, for example, will evaporate into a gas and be sent back into the atmosphere, along with many other lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons. In some cases, these lighter hydrocarbons may also be sent off to a process flare system for burn off.
Many dissolved gases found in oil like oxygen, hydrogen, propane, methane, butane, and acetylene are easily separated from the main petroleum or hydrocarbon product when exposed to a vacuum. This is because gasses from air have oxygen and when removed from oil, they will substantially decrease an oil's oxidation rate. This step is crucial to the overall optimization process because oxidation in oil- when combined with heat and pressure, will greatly influence an oil's rate of decay or additive package depletion.
Having a Vacuum Distillation System or Vacuum Dehydrator handy can dramatically extend the life of an oil product and decrease your plant's mechanical downtime and overall loss of production over time.
Hydrocarbon Filtration System's standard Vacuum Oil Purifier, Oil Reclaimer, and Oil Distillation Systems come with a 304 Stainless Steel Vacuum Chamber, a water sump, oil heaters, and piping.
By eliminating the carbon steel in these parts, internal coatings are no longer required— which ultimately gets rid of unsightly staining, chipping and peeling of these expensive coatings. This is very important because when these internal coatings chip off, they become another source of downstream contamination and further hinder your system's overall performance.
To transfer and filter oil from one reservoir to another, we recommend using a Vacuum Oil Purifier. These systems are generally connected to one of the reservoirs and installed into the circulation process.
This process, known as Kidney Loop Filtration, involves fluid being recirculated many times between the reservoir and the purifier. You can think of this process as being very similar to how our kidneys continuously filter blood throughout the body.
After about 10 or 20 passes, water, dissolved gasses, and other particulate contamination will generally meet or even exceed the most recent oil cleanliness results.
Our Vacuum Dehydration Systems are have been shown to provide up to 200% faster water extraction rates when operating a -25" Hg vacuum at 150 degrees Fahrenheit. They have the ability to remove 100% of the free and emulsified water in oil and 98% of the dissolved gases in oil.
Our systems are also capable of removing more than 2800 PPM and up to 20 PPM more dissolved water particles than most systems. This is due to our patent pending vacuum tower design that uses flash distillation combined with mass transfer to achieve higher rates of contamination extraction.
This unique design incorporates a larger surface area and more residency time, which enables the fluid product to achieve high-efficiency gas removal rates as it enters the vacuum tower. Once the fluid has been degassed and dehydrated in the vacuum tower, the oil is pumped downstream for removal of its 1 micron and greater sized particulates.
Our patent pending vacuum tower virtually eliminates foam from your systems to allow you to operate at a higher vacuum level and significantly improve your water removal rates while still providing stable operation.
Particulate filtration can be reduced through upstream and downstream filtration mechanisms.
For our upstream filtration applications, we typically use a High Capacity Inlet Bag Filter rated at 250 microns. This filter has a larger surface area than most of our competitor's systems and can even be removed for inspection of particles.
The downstream filtration located in our patent pending vacuum tower uses Micro-glass filter media, a man-made material used commonly among petroleum products. Because the Micro-glass filter is synthetic, it has a higher efficiency and dirt-loading capacity than other outdated filter materials like cellulose.
Particulates are most often removed in higher particle counts from ISO 22/21/19 to lower particle counts of ISO 16/14/11 using 5 micron Beta(c) greater than 1000 filter elements.
We carry five standard Oil Purifier models (5 GPM, 10 GPM, 20 GPM, 50 GPM, and 100 GPM) designed to further optimize your systems.
For starters, all of our motors are protected by Variable Frequency Drives and Soft-Start Systems for increased mechanical life. This means that phase rotation hardware has been eliminated completely from the purification process.
Hydrocarbon Filtration Systems models also include an Auto Alarm Self-Check to ensure that the system is ready and safe to operate.
For added efficiency, the stainless oil heater has been mounted directly to the vacuum tower and all of our vacuum vessels are equipped with Double O-rings to help extend the life and integrity of the sealing surfaces.
Other features of our Vacuum Oil Purifiers include Auto Water Drain, and a Moisture Indicator or Particle Counter and protective cage options.
Our systems have also been shown to carry one of the lowest decibel ratings in the industry under standard operating conditions.
Many of our filtration systems are NEMA 4 Electrical Compliant and can be operated outdoors in most weather conditions.
We also specialize in NEMA 7 Explosion Proof systems that meet Class 1, Division 2, and Groups C&D electrical specifications.
For ease of logistics and mobility, most of our systems are skid mounted with protective cages and equipped with lifting lugs and forklift slots on all four sides. Our systems can easily be moved by standard forklifts, overhead cranes, flatbed trucks, cargo containers, and trailers.
Most systems are 460 V/3 Phase Power, and require anything between 20 to 100 amps of power supply, depending on the size and load of the system. They range in size from 2 feet deep by 2 feet wide by 4 feet tall and 200 pounds, to 6 feet deep by 10 feet wide by 7 feet tall, and weighing up to 6,500 pounds.
Hydrocarbon Filtration has a wide range of filtration systems available for customers looking to rent, including Vacuum Dehydrators, Particulate Removal Systems, Varnish Removal Systems, Cartridge Filter Vessels, Bag Filter Housings, Fuel Coalescers, and Transformer Oil Purifiers. Our filtration equipment is housed in warehouses across the country, allowing us to have a rental system ready to meet a customer's needs within a few hours.
We have many distribution opportunities available for our customers.